Case study :

Diagnosis - pore in coat of layer of 20 m electroless nickel plus 20 m hard chromium.  
Clarification of the origin : sink hole in the base material.
An affirmation elsewhere.



Electroless nickel interpreting pores correctly with digital 3D-microscopy


The digital 3D-microscopy can clearly determine the cause of defect, to be precise the development and origin of pores as can be seen in the case study.

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